Carbon dating religion
Radio carbon dating carried out in 1988 was performed on an area of the relic that was repaired in the 16th century, according to Ray Rogers, who helped lead the Shroud of Turin Research Project (STRP).
He came to his conclusion after re-examining a theory from two amateur scientists that he had earlier dismissed as being from "the lunatic fringe".
Long regarded with as much vitriol as Darwin's revolutionary idea of Evolution, carbon dating debunks the "Young Earth" Creationist Model: Because of its ability to date fossils upwards to 60,000 years, radiocarbon dating has long been regarded as Darwin's (Read Satan's) advocate.
The formula for C-14 dating is:t = [ ln (Nf/No) / (-0.693) ] x t1/2-ln is the natural logarithm;-Nf/No is the percent of carbon-14 in the sample compared to the amount in living tissue;-t1/2 is the half-life of carbon-14 (5,700 years).
Libby estimated that the steady state radioactivity concentration of exchangeable carbon-14 would be about 14 disintegrations per minute (dpm) per gram.
In recognition of his work, he was awarded the Nobel Prize in chemistry in 1960.
He said: "The cotton fibres were fairly heavily coated with dye, suggesting they were changed to match the linen during a repair.
"I concluded that area of the shroud was manipulated by someone with great skill. The worst possible sample for carbon dating was taken.